Sunday, January 15, 2023

Day 69 - Step 2CK Prep - Cardiology 3

We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence then, is not an act, but a habit.

~ Aristotle

S4 - an atrial gallop - produced by an atrial contraction pushing blood into a stiff non-compliant left ventricle - sign of concentric LV hypertrophic i.e. 2° to HTN, restrictive cardiomyopathy, acute MI.